education in Canada takes place in one of thirteen university programs,
each affiliated with a faculty of medicine and accredited
the Accreditation Council of Canadian Physiotherapy Academic Programs
(ACCPAP) and the US Council on Accreditation of Physical Therapy
Education (CAPTE). The minimum entry-level
qualification to practice physiotherapy in Canada now is a Masters
level degree. Many programs also offer post-graduate programs
physiotherapy, rehabilitation or related disciplines at
the Doctoral level.
curriculum includes, but is not limited to, the study of:
biological sciences (e.g. anatomy, physiology, pathology,
pathokinesiology); social sciences (e.g. psychology, sociology);
applied sciences (e.g. human development, biomechanics and exercise
physiology); clinical sciences (e.g. physical and functional
pharmacology); scientific inquiry (e.g. research, statistics,
literature reviews) and professional issues (e.g. health policy,
ethics, interdisciplinary practice, management). (CDPAP and CPA, 1995)
or clinical education is obtained through a minimum of 1000 hours, in
the clinical setting, which begins with entrance into the academic
program and continues throughout the curriculum. This
education provides opportunities to integrate knowledge, skills and
behaviours required for practice and leads to the development of
entry-level physiotherapists who act with authority, competence and
Increasingly, there is
toward specialization or the development of advanced expertise in one
particular area of the profession. This expertise may be
though post-graduate education, continuing professional development,
experience and research. Physiotherapists have developed
clinical expertise in areas such as cardiorespirology, geriatrics,
neurosciences, orthopaedics, paediatrics, rheumatology, sports
physiotherapy and women's health.
There are as yet no
specialization in Canada that offer specialist certification.
Although physiotherapists may undertake in depth education
research into a given area, they may not use the term "specialist"
in reference to a particular area of practice.
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