Canalith repositioning procedures are a non-invasive way of treating the most common cause of vertigo, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). BPPV is a disorder whereby loose crystals of calcium carbonate move within the fluid filled chambers of the inner ear.
Treatment involves guiding the patient through a series of positions which leads to movement of the crystals from the area in the inner ear where they cause symptoms to an area where they can be reabsorbed.
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials show the repositioning procedures to have a very high level of evidence of effectiveness. Most patients achieve resolution of their symptoms with less than two or three treatments.